Month: June 2016

Black And White Bedroom Ideas

Black And White Bedroom Ideas

By Kelsey Kloss and Lori Keong Dec 28, 2016 Even if you love tons of color, you’re guaranteed to fall for these gorgeous rooms. View Gallery 31 Photos 1 of 31 2 of 31 3 of 31 4 of 31 5 of 31 6 of […]

Shutters For French Doors

Shutters For French Doors

French Door Plantation Shutters When selecting window coverings for French doors, shutters are the perfect choice. French Doors and plantation shutters seem like a match made in heaven. The shutters attach to the door and appear as if they were built as one unit. Many […]

Vinyl Window Shutters

Vinyl Window Shutters

“Operable Louvered Shutters”, louvers that are regulated by a tilt rod began to be manufactured around 1830-1840. Before this the louvers were fixed in an open position. With the advent of the exterior Storm Window in the later 1800’s, shutters were sometimes removed and stored away before the cold months and wooden storm windows would be installed. Removal was easy – all you needed to do was lift the shutter off the pin on the hinge. Exterior window shutters could also remain on the building, left in an open position. If using storm windows, please note that this was all dependent on the type and mounting of the shutter hinge. It is possible that the storm window would not be able to be inserted into the window jamb if a shutter hinge was in the way. During the warm months, the storm windows would be removed and window shutters would be closed to protect furniture from the sun and allow outside air to cool the house. At the end of the Civil War, awnings (Preservation Brief #44 – Awnings) became popular and window screens began to come into use. Screen windows were just like storm windows except they had screens in the wood frame. In addition to these screen windows, adjustable screens (The Adjustable Window Screen Company patent, 1866) still sold in hardware stores today, or lace curtains also served the purpose. Visit our page on storm windows and window screens. In some styles of architecture, exterior shutters also began to fall out of fashion. By the 1920’s, although some exterior window shutters were still used for practical reasons, most were strictly decorative. Those shutters that were purely decorative however, were still functional or had the appearance of being functional. Homeowners could operate the shutter to cool or insulate the home if they wished. There was no difference to the appearance of the house. Unfortunately, this changed during the 1950’s with the advent of Aluminum Siding and Aluminum Shutters. This is when the dreadful problem we have today began. Where Exterior Window Shutters Went Wrong The public has always been in love with the warm cozy feel of a traditional styled home. Exterior wood window shutters provide that look and feel. Aluminum siding and fake aluminum shutters started to be heavily marketed in the 1950s. To simplify installation of aluminum shutters on aluminum siding, the method of installing exterior window shutters – hanging shutters changed. Window shutters began to be installed by screwing the shutter onto the siding NEXT TO, instead of directly on top of window casing, and without the use of hinges. This was easy and required minimal intelligence. Eventually, people became more lazy, less knowledgeable, and more insensitive to the appearance of their windows and began using the wrong size shutters. Before you knew it, they were putting rectangular shutters on arched windows and whatever else you could imagine! This is where we are today. As you may or may not know, the window shutter has evolved in a grossly unfortunate way. Sadly, we too have evolved to accept this new bland look. It is now normal and what we expect to see when we look at a house with shutters. This is also what architects and builders do and what we see with many exterior window shutter companies. If you are not aware of the “bad window shutters” problem you soon will be. Read on and we will re-train your eyes to understand, see, and feel the impact of a architecturally correct and incorrect window shutter. You will be the expert. We use the term Historic Shutter to represent a visually correct, properly mounted and designed shutter, as all shutters should be, including those used with contemporary architecture. Mistakes: Exterior Shutters Today vs Historic Shutters – What is Wrong and What to do Right The goal of this website is to enable readers to make their house architecturally correct which would then be aesthetically pleasing. I cannot emphasize enough the importance of correct exterior window shutters. Think of the windows as the eyes of the house and the window shutters as the eyebrows (although to the side) to understand the impact. If the shutters are the wrong type or mounted incorrectly, they can ruin the appearance of the entire house. Yes, the money you spent on restoring that new front door or painting with authentic Victorian colors will be wasted if your window shutters are incorrectly hung (mounted). Most people look at exterior window shutters as a decorative feature with no further thought. The decorative shutters are installed and the mission is accomplished. How dreadfully wrong! The following is what you need to look for and, once you see the difference, you will pick it out every time. There are a number of points you need to understand about exterior window shutters in order to make your house look great. Louvered Shutters. On historic louvered shutters (historically called Blinds), the louvers were either Fixed Louvers or Operable Louvers. Each type represents a different period in history and provides a slightly different look. Fixed Louvered Shutters. Fixed Louvered shutters are appropriate for buildings built prior to the Civil War. Operable louvered shutters grew popular quickly although fixed louvered shutters remained in builders catalogs into the early 1900’s. The louvers are constructed in a fixed open position in order to allow a certain amount of air and light to pass through. The louvers must be fixed at an angle in an approximately 60 degree open position. (a completely closed louver would be a flat apx. 10 degrees, perfectly horizontal would be 90 degrees.) When the shutter is open the louvers angle pointing downwards towards the house. When the shutter is closed, the louvers are angled pointing downwards away from the house to shed water away from the window and block the sun’s rays from entering the room. There is an important aesthetic benefit with louvered window shutters. The louvers create shadow lines which provide texture and interest. Shadow lines are most important on a house for they create the character that bring buildings to life. Purchasing a Fixed Louvered shutter with flat closed louvers (10 degrees) as sold in home improvement stores results in a flat artificial appearance due to the lack of shadows. A historic operable louver shutter with louvers completely closed would never display the flatness fake plastic shutters have. Unfortunately this is the type of shutter you see on all houses today, no matter what the period architecture. Some shutter companies manufacture quality wood window shutters with louver’s that resemble plastic shutters. Be careful! While the shutters may be well made with quality wood the design is wrong and you will be wasting your money.
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Shutters for Other Types of Windows and Spaces Depending on the style of your house, each window does not have to be shuttered. This is determined mostly by architectural design and window style. For example, on a Queen Anne style house, windows in a tower may or may not be shuttered. Larger ornate or smaller sized windows can be left without shutters or may only need one shutter on one side of the window (fit to cover the entire window). Think in terms of shutter use. 1.) Back in the day, would it have been practical or useful to have shutters on this window? 2.) If not useful, would it provide balance in design or match another window with shutters? Colonial style architecture is symmetrical and you need to maintain this symmetry. A Ganged window is two windows side by side separated by a mullion (a vertical piece of wood separating the windows – part of casing). In this situation, you have a few choices (not in any order), but first look for ghost marks of earlier hinges. If the window had shutters there would be ghost marks of hinges visible. Attach a large (double size) shutter, the size of the window on each end. Mount double shutters at each end. The shutters would appear single, but actually are two hinged shutters, folded over. The shutter will close from one side for each of the two windows. The visual effect of patterns will not be disturbed. Mount four shutters in the manner you would normally if the window were not Ganged. Since there is minimal space at the mullion between the two windows, the shutters will remain in a semi-opened position and held in place with a tie-back attached to the sill, extended out to the shutter. I have seen this method in original 19th century design plans. If you find ghost lines, you have your answer. There will be other situations where a window is next to a down-spout or a wall of a house where the shutter will not be able to be parallel to the house when open. Do not omit the shutter. Here are some examples: Unless noted all examples are historically correct. Double shutters for wide or ganged windows. Use these instead of mounting shutters in the center between the windows. These shutters do not fold. Non folding wide shutters with operable louvers at the bottom. Double folding panel shutters in open position. Notice the hinges giving you the option of hanging them full or folded. An option for double or wider windows. Double folding shutters shown in folded position. Double shutters are folded in half. Side view showing folded shutter. Face mounted hinges. See Acorn snap at bottom to hold shutters together. These shutters are on a bank. They are way too wide to be single shutters. They must be folding to avoid looking dumb. Additionally they are mounted incorrectly to the face of the brick instead of the brick mold which is probably too narrow anyway. Center bay window is wider and has double shutters that do not fold but overlap. Operable shutters being used on a hot day. The way to attach shutters when windows are too close. How to mount shutters in tight places. Shutters can still be installed on a bay window. Overlapping shutters on 18th century house.

Bedroom Decorating Tips

Bedroom Decorating Tips

By Kelsey Kloss Feb 9, 2017 Small bedrooms can have a big impact with the right design. View Gallery 21 Photos 1 of 21 2 of 21 3 of 21 4 of 21 5 of 21 6 of 21 7 of 21 8 of 21 […]

Bathroom Remodeling Northern Virginia

Bathroom Remodeling Northern Virginia

Virginia Kitchen and Bathroom Remodeling About Virginia Kitchen and Bathroom Remodeling Companies A popular way to increase the value of a home is a bathroom or kitchen remodel. Homebuyers want modern and eye-catching kitchens—stone countertops, high quality cabinetry, sleek appliances—and renovating a dated kitchen can […]

Office Furniture Chicago

Office Furniture Chicago

Kentwood Office Furniture-Chicago, located in Lombard, IL, was started in March of 2002 as an offshoot and separate LLC of Kentwood Office Furniture of Grand Rapids, MI. The Chicagoland location is conveniently located just on W Roosevelt Rd in Lombard. Its founding members are Art Hasse, President and CEO of Kentwood Office Furniture, Jim Doenges and Pat Benson. Jim Doenges is responsible for directing the efforts of the sales team and managing the operations of Kentwood Office Furniture-Chicago.  Mr. Doenges has over 35 years of experience in the office products and furniture industry. In addition to being a part of the sales team, Mr. Benson is responsible for the marketing efforts of Kentwood Office Furniture-Chicago.  Mr. Benson has over 25 years of sales and design experience in the office furniture industry. Chicago’s sales and design team combined bring over 160 years of experience in the office furniture industry and are able to bring to the table a wide range of options to meet your functional, aesthetic, and budget requirements. The Chicagoland team serves all types and sizes of businesses from small start up companies looking for a few pieces of used furniture to large multi-national companies looking for hundreds of new, remanufactured or used workstations.  We service the entire Chicago metropolitan area including Northwest Indiana.  We also have the ability to serve you nationwide with our network of companies across the country. Kentwood Office Furniture offers remanufactured office furniture from major manufacturers including Herman Miller, Steelcase and Haworth that give you all the style and function of new furniture at a fraction of the cost.  In addition, you’ll help preserve our natural resources and sustain the environment. Gently used furniture from Kentwood Office Furniture is a fantastic choice when budgets are tight.  Re-using office furniture is also a fantastic choice to sustain the environment.  We stock a large quantity of brand name used office furniture to meet the functional needs and, more importantly, the budgets of our customers. Kentwood Office Furniture-Chicago has the best selection of quality new office furniture products from a wide range of today’s leading manufacturers including Global, Hon, Paoli, Krug, Integra, Florense, Three H, Premiera and many others. As Illinois’ largest Global dealer, we can have your new office space designed, furnished and set up in as little as 48 hours. Additionally, many of our new products are GREENGUARD Indoor Air Quality Certified or Indoor Advantage Certified to conform to LEED and BIFMA standards which make them good for your people and the environment. Whether it’s the best selection, the lowest prices or concern for environmentally sustainable office furniture, Kentwood Office Furniture-Chicago is the right choice for your office furniture needs. Let’s get to work.
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Affordable Office Interiors, Midwest’s premier new, used and recycled office furniture dealership, can maximize your office furniture budget while providing Turnkey Facility services. Our services range from space planning, design, technology integration, remanufacturing, project management, trade-in, buy-back, decommissioning, rental, and leasing. Affordable Office Interiors can evaluate the needs of your current or new space, determine the best solution for your space plan with our in-house designers, and complete your installation with our Non-Union or Union in-house installation team. Our Corporate facility in Roselle, IL houses over 150,000 sq. ft. of warehouse space filled with as is or refurbished workstations, seating, case goods, tables, files, and more. Not only, can we offer all of these tools to complete your office space relocation, or renovation, we can offer them from any of our locations including: Carol Stream, IL; Madison, WI; Milwaukee, WI; and Chicago, IL. We love our customers and work to maximize your office furniture budget with a creative solution. Discover quality new, recycled and re-manufactured office furnishings.
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Affordable Office Interiors, Midwest’s premier new, used and recycled office furniture dealership, can maximize your office furniture budget while providing Turnkey Facility services. Our services range from space planning, design, technology integration, remanufacturing, project management, trade-in, buy-back, decommissioning, rental, and leasing. Affordable Office Interiors can evaluate the needs of your current or new space, determine the best solution for your space plan with our in-house designers, and complete your installation with our Non-Union or Union in-house installation team. Our Corporate facility in Roselle, IL houses over 150,000 sq. ft. of warehouse space filled with as is or refurbished workstations, seating, case goods, tables, files, and more. Not only, can we offer all of these tools to complete your office space relocation, or renovation, we can offer them from any of our locations including: Carol Stream, IL; Madison, WI; Milwaukee, WI; and Chicago, IL. We love our customers and work to maximize your office furniture budget with a creative solution.
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Rework offers new and used office furniture at self-serve pricing but in a full-service customer experience. Give us your space, design and budgetary restraints and let us dig into our vast toolkit of new, used and refurbished office furniture to develop the perfect solution. Our Client Team will guide you through the selection process. Office Interior Designers will tailor a layout to maximize your space and work requirements. And Rework’s professional Delivery and Installation Team eliminates all the headaches that come with self-serve furniture solutions. All members of our knowledgeable and professional team are dedicated to ensuring the road to your new office environment is successful and stress-free.

Self-Serve Pricing. Full-Service Experience. Rework offers new and used office furniture at self-serve pricing but in a full-service customer experience. Give us your space, design and budgetary restraints and let us dig into our vast toolkit of new, used and refurbished office furniture to develop the perfect solution. Our Client Team will guide you through the selection process. Office Interior Designers will tailor a layout to maximize your space and work requirements. And Rework’s professional Delivery and Installation Team eliminates all the headaches that come with self-serve furniture solutions. All members of our knowledgeable and professional team are dedicated to ensuring the road to your new office environment is successful and stress-free.
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Gently used furniture from Kentwood Office Furniture is a fantastic choice when budgets are tight.  Re-using office furniture is also a fantastic choice to sustain the environment.  We stock a large quantity of brand name used office furniture to meet the functional needs and, more importantly, the budgets of our customers.
office furniture chicago 6

Affordable Office Interiors, Midwest’s premier new, used and recycled office furniture dealership, can maximize your office furniture budget while providing Turnkey Facility services. Our services range from space planning, design, technology integration, remanufacturing, project management, trade-in, buy-back, decommissioning, rental, and leasing. Affordable Office Interiors can evaluate the needs of your current or new space, determine the best solution for your space plan with our in-house designers, and complete your installation with our Non-Union or Union in-house installation team.
office furniture chicago 7

Our Corporate facility in Roselle, IL houses over 150,000 sq. ft. of warehouse space filled with as is or refurbished workstations, seating, case goods, tables, files, and more. Not only, can we offer all of these tools to complete your office space relocation, or renovation, we can offer them from any of our locations including: Carol Stream, IL; Madison, WI; Milwaukee, WI; and Chicago, IL. We love our customers and work to maximize your office furniture budget with a creative solution.
office furniture chicago 8

Kentwood Office Furniture offers remanufactured office furniture from major manufacturers including Herman Miller, Steelcase and Haworth that give you all the style and function of new furniture at a fraction of the cost.  In addition, you’ll help preserve our natural resources and sustain the environment.
office furniture chicago 9

Attractive Our inventory includes over $10 million in pre-owned stock from premium brands like Herman Miller, Steelcase, and Knoll. Project the image you desire at a fraction of the cost.Click to browse. Economical Utilize our office furniture blended solution of grades, finishes, availability, and price points to meet functionality, aesthetics, lead times, and budgets.Click to learn more. Immediate Our inventories are centrally located in Chicago, for quick, cost-effective deliveries nationwide. Expect end-to-end project accountability, from coast to coast.Click for contact.

We specialize in turnkey solutions including space planning, furniture selection, furniture procurement, delivery & installation, facility decommissioning, and all ancillary project services. With multiple offices in metropolitan Chicago, Milwaukee and Detroit, as well as affiliates throughout the country, we serve the entire USA. Request a free space plan consult today.

As Chicagoland’s source for quality new, used and refurbished desks, chairs, cubicles, workstations, tables and files, Villa Park Office Equipment has been serving the Chicagoland area, Northwest Indiana and surrounding states since 1970. We buy, sell, rent and lease high quality new and used office furniture for every office need.
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PLAN Redefining office space is a time consuming and labor intensive process. From needs analysis to space planning to budgeting, Rightsize oversees every detail of office transitions. Learn More FURNISH Whether expanding, consolidating or relocating a business, Rightsize provides a wall-to-wall solution for clients that includes furniture selection and procurement, facility flooring and delivery and installation. Learn More SERVICE Rightsize is a single-source provider of turnkey facility services to handle a wide array of projects for clients nationwide, including facility decommissioning and value-added solutions to integrate all aspects of your workplace environment. Learn More

Rocking Chairs Outdoor

Rocking Chairs Outdoor

Combine Comfort and Style with Patio Rocking Chairs An outdoor rocking chair will give your front porch a down-home feel, and you can find styles to fit any space.Go with a ClassicWooden rocking chairs are the timeless standard, combining comfort and durability. Some are made […]

Lace Shower Curtains

Lace Shower Curtains

Shower Curtains 76th Anniversary Sale! Free Shipping at $49* Beautiful Designs now Priced 33% to 50% Off! Fabric Shower Curtains Vinyl Shower Curtains Lace Shower Curtains Double Swag Shower Curtains Shower Stall Curtains Shower Curtain Hooks Sports Shower Curtains Christmas Shower Curtains Hookless Shower Curtains […]

Planting A Garden

Planting A Garden

Garden Garden home Ask a question Diagnose a problem Master Gardener Insects Yard and Garden Yard and Garden News Plants A to Z Diseases Flowers Fruit Houseplants Insects Landscaping Lawns Soils and composting Trees and shrubs Vegetables Watering Weeds Wildlife Commercial horticulture About Extension horticulture programming Extension > Garden > Yard and Garden > Vegetables > Planting the vegetable garden Planting the vegetable garden Vincent A. Fritz Planting a vegetable garden is not hard, but without careful planning and proper follow through, your garden may perform poorly. Soil preparation Soils should not be prepared for planting when too wet or too dry. If soil sticks to your shoes or shovel, it is too wet. Press a small amount of soil in your hand. When the moisture is right, the soil crumbles and breaks into small clumps. If it is too wet, it stays molded in a ball. Have your soil tested for the amount of fertilizer or manure to apply before planting. A routine soil test gives information on any lime requirement, phosphorous and potassium needs and estimated nitrogen requirements. For information on soil testing, contact the University Soil Testing Laboratory. Rake or harrow the planting area immediately after tilling or spading. A firm, fine seedbed is best, particularly for small-seeded crops, but packing the soil too much could promote crusting of the soil surface and damage emerging seedlings. Tilling the soil in late fall facilitates earlier spring planting. Planting early crops Cool season crops You can sow early “cool-season” crops such as lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and onions immediately after preparing your garden plot. Mark the rows by stretching a string tightly across the area where you want a furrow. Use the corner edge of a long piece of angle iron or aluminum to establish a furrow with a uniform depth. The use of a hoe handle or shovel may create a furrow with variable depths and result in non-uniform emergence, particularly with small seed vegetable crops. You can usually sow sandy soils a little deeper than clay soils. Warm season crops Wait until danger of frost is past (mid-to-late May) before transplanting tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and similar “warm season” crops. Tender crops Cucumbers, pumpkins and watermelons can be seeded earlier by placing hot caps over the soil one week before planting. This warms the soil and helps those crops germinate more quickly. Keep the hot caps on until the plants emerge and are growing vigorously. Starting plants inside Warm season crops need a long growing season and usually will not mature if seeded directly in the garden. Cool season crops must mature before hot weather. It is necessary, then, either to start these crops early inside or to buy plants at a garden center or greenhouse. Start seeds in plastic trays or peat pots that are 3-4 inches deep. A good soil mixture contains two parts loam, one part sand, and one part organic matter. Thoroughly mix the soil in a wheelbarrow with a shovel and sift it through a ¼-inch mesh screen. Premixed soil mixtures are available at garden centers. Fill the transplant tray or peat pots with the soil mixture and carefully firm the soil along the sides. After filling in the depressions, level the soil to about ¼ inch below the top. Firm the soil evenly. Sow the seed by making a ¼-½ inch hole using a dibble or pencil with a tape mark to keep the depth consistent. Sow 2-3 seeds in each tray cell or peat pot. Start warm-season crops later than cool-season crops. Peppers and eggplant germinate slowly and should be started before tomatoes. Cover the seeds lightly with sand, screened soil, or vermiculite. Gently water the transplant trays using a fine screened waterer to prevent washing the seeds out of the soil. Cover the transplant tray or peat pots with clear plastic and keep in a warm room until germination. As soon as the seedlings appear, remove the plastic cover and keep the seedlings in full sunlight or directly under fluorescent lights. Once the seedlings emerge, thin to one plant and apply a starter fertilizer of 1½ tablespoons of 5-10-5 in 1 gallon of water. Apply approximately ¼ cup of the solution to each seedling every two weeks until transplanting. Rinse the seedlings with water after fertilizing to prevent leaf burn. “Hardening” transplants by shading them for a few days outside using either a lath house or shade cloth and slightly withholding water (but not to the point of wilting) will reduce plant growth delay after transplanting, otherwise known as “transplant shock.” Transplanting Transplant in late afternoon or on a cool, cloudy, calm day. Water plants well before transplanting. Cut the soil between the plants with a knife so each plant can separate easily with a substantial root ball attached. Seedlings grown in separate containers can be transplanted without disturbing the roots. If seedlings are transplanted in peat pots, make sure the top edge of the peat pot is not exposed above the soil surface or the peat pot will act like a wick and rapidly draw the moisture from the root ball, stressing the plant. Scrape the dry surface soil from the planting area. With a hand shovel, make a hole large enough to easily receive the root ball of the transplant. Firm the soil around the roots and water with the starter fertilizer solution. Apply ½ cup per plant at planting time. Transplanted crops may be set out in the garden a week or two before it would otherwise be safe if hot caps are used. Remove the caps after the air temperatures get real warm during the day. If paper hot caps are used, punch ventilation holes in the tops. High temperatures within the hot cap can kill young plants. Planting dates and distances for garden vegetables Planting dates Planting distances (in inches) Vegetable Start seed indoors Plant seed or plant outdoors Between rows, hand cultivated Between plants Depth of seeding (inches) Amount to order per 20 feet of row “Packet” refers to average commercially- packaged seed packet. Asparagus April 15 – May 1 (crowns) 36 12 – 18 6 – 8 (crowns) 15 crowns Beans, snap (bush) May 15 – July 1 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ – 2 3 – 4 oz Beans, snap(pole) May 15 – July 1 36 4 – 6 1½ – 2 2 – 3 oz Beans, dry shell May 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ 3 – 4 oz Beans, lima May 15 – June 10 18 – 24 4 – 6 1½ 3 – 4 oz Beets April 15 – July 1 12 – 18 2 – 4 ½ – 1 1 packet Broccoli March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 plants Brussels sprouts March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 plants Cabbage, early March 1 – 15 April 1 – May 1 24 – 30 18 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 plants Cabbage, late April 15 – May 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (seedbed) 1 packet or 9 plants Cabbage, Chinese July 1 24 – 30 18 ½ 1 packet Carrots April 15 – June 15 18 – 24 2 – 3 ¼ 1 packet Cauliflower March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 18 – 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 plants Celery Feb. 15 – March 1 May 15 18 – 24 8 1/8 (indoors) 1 packet or 24 plants Chard, Swiss May 1 18 – 24 6 – 8 1 1 packet Collards April 15 24 – 36 6 ¼ 1 packet Cucumbers May 1 – June 15 48 – 60 12 between single plants; 36 between hills of three 1 1 packet Eggplant March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 plants Endive April 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Garlic Oct. 1 – Nov. 1 18 – 24 4 – 6 3 – 4 1 lb of cloves Horseradish April 15 – May 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 6 (roots) 18 roots Kale April 15 – July 15 18 – 24 12 – 18 ½ 1 packet Kohlrabi April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 18 – 24 6 ½ 1 packet Lettuce, leaf April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Lettuce, head March 1 – 15 April 15 – May 1 18 – 24 12 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 18 plants Muskmelon May 15 – June 1 60 – 72 18 1 1 packet Okra March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 12 – 15 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion seeds April 15 12 – 24 2 ½ 1 packet Onion, transplants Feb. 1 – 15 April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion, sets April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 1 – 2 ½ lb Parsley April 15 – May 1 12 – 24 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Parsnips May 1 – 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Peas April 10 – May 15 18 – 24 2 1½ 1 packet Pepper March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 18 – 24 ½ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 plants Potatoes, Irish April 15 – June 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 4 (each piece) 3 lb seed potatoes Potatoes, sweet April 15 (roots) June 1 36 – 48 18 – 24 9 – 12 plants Pumpkin May 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single plants; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 – 2 1 packet Radish April 10 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 6 – 12 1 – 2 ½ 1 packet Rhubarb April 15 – May 1 36 – 48 36 – 48 5 or 6 plants Rutabaga May 15 – June 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Spinach April 15 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Squash, summer May 10 – June 1 24 – 36 24 – 36 1 1 packet Squash, winter May 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single plants; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 1 packet Sweet corn May 10 – July 1 30 12 1 – 2 1 packet Tomato April 1 – 15 May 15 – June 1 24 – 36 36 – 48 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 6 – 8 plants Turnip April 15 or Aug. 1 15 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Watermelon May 15 – June 1 60 – 72 24 – 36 between single plants; 60 – 72 between hills of three ½ 1 packet
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Extension > Garden > Yard and Garden > Vegetables > Planting the vegetable garden Planting the vegetable garden Vincent A. Fritz Planting a vegetable garden is not hard, but without careful planning and proper follow through, your garden may perform poorly. Soil preparation Soils should not be prepared for planting when too wet or too dry. If soil sticks to your shoes or shovel, it is too wet. Press a small amount of soil in your hand. When the moisture is right, the soil crumbles and breaks into small clumps. If it is too wet, it stays molded in a ball. Have your soil tested for the amount of fertilizer or manure to apply before planting. A routine soil test gives information on any lime requirement, phosphorous and potassium needs and estimated nitrogen requirements. For information on soil testing, contact the University Soil Testing Laboratory. Rake or harrow the planting area immediately after tilling or spading. A firm, fine seedbed is best, particularly for small-seeded crops, but packing the soil too much could promote crusting of the soil surface and damage emerging seedlings. Tilling the soil in late fall facilitates earlier spring planting. Planting early crops Cool season crops You can sow early “cool-season” crops such as lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and onions immediately after preparing your garden plot. Mark the rows by stretching a string tightly across the area where you want a furrow. Use the corner edge of a long piece of angle iron or aluminum to establish a furrow with a uniform depth. The use of a hoe handle or shovel may create a furrow with variable depths and result in non-uniform emergence, particularly with small seed vegetable crops. You can usually sow sandy soils a little deeper than clay soils. Warm season crops Wait until danger of frost is past (mid-to-late May) before transplanting tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and similar “warm season” crops. Tender crops Cucumbers, pumpkins and watermelons can be seeded earlier by placing hot caps over the soil one week before planting. This warms the soil and helps those crops germinate more quickly. Keep the hot caps on until the plants emerge and are growing vigorously. Starting plants inside Warm season crops need a long growing season and usually will not mature if seeded directly in the garden. Cool season crops must mature before hot weather. It is necessary, then, either to start these crops early inside or to buy plants at a garden center or greenhouse. Start seeds in plastic trays or peat pots that are 3-4 inches deep. A good soil mixture contains two parts loam, one part sand, and one part organic matter. Thoroughly mix the soil in a wheelbarrow with a shovel and sift it through a ¼-inch mesh screen. Premixed soil mixtures are available at garden centers. Fill the transplant tray or peat pots with the soil mixture and carefully firm the soil along the sides. After filling in the depressions, level the soil to about ¼ inch below the top. Firm the soil evenly. Sow the seed by making a ¼-½ inch hole using a dibble or pencil with a tape mark to keep the depth consistent. Sow 2-3 seeds in each tray cell or peat pot. Start warm-season crops later than cool-season crops. Peppers and eggplant germinate slowly and should be started before tomatoes. Cover the seeds lightly with sand, screened soil, or vermiculite. Gently water the transplant trays using a fine screened waterer to prevent washing the seeds out of the soil. Cover the transplant tray or peat pots with clear plastic and keep in a warm room until germination. As soon as the seedlings appear, remove the plastic cover and keep the seedlings in full sunlight or directly under fluorescent lights. Once the seedlings emerge, thin to one plant and apply a starter fertilizer of 1½ tablespoons of 5-10-5 in 1 gallon of water. Apply approximately ¼ cup of the solution to each seedling every two weeks until transplanting. Rinse the seedlings with water after fertilizing to prevent leaf burn. “Hardening” transplants by shading them for a few days outside using either a lath house or shade cloth and slightly withholding water (but not to the point of wilting) will reduce plant growth delay after transplanting, otherwise known as “transplant shock.” Transplanting Transplant in late afternoon or on a cool, cloudy, calm day. Water plants well before transplanting. Cut the soil between the plants with a knife so each plant can separate easily with a substantial root ball attached. Seedlings grown in separate containers can be transplanted without disturbing the roots. If seedlings are transplanted in peat pots, make sure the top edge of the peat pot is not exposed above the soil surface or the peat pot will act like a wick and rapidly draw the moisture from the root ball, stressing the plant. Scrape the dry surface soil from the planting area. With a hand shovel, make a hole large enough to easily receive the root ball of the transplant. Firm the soil around the roots and water with the starter fertilizer solution. Apply ½ cup per plant at planting time. Transplanted crops may be set out in the garden a week or two before it would otherwise be safe if hot caps are used. Remove the caps after the air temperatures get real warm during the day. If paper hot caps are used, punch ventilation holes in the tops. High temperatures within the hot cap can kill young plants. Planting dates and distances for garden vegetables Planting dates Planting distances (in inches) Vegetable Start seed indoors Plant seed or plant outdoors Between rows, hand cultivated Between plants Depth of seeding (inches) Amount to order per 20 feet of row “Packet” refers to average commercially- packaged seed packet. Asparagus April 15 – May 1 (crowns) 36 12 – 18 6 – 8 (crowns) 15 crowns Beans, snap (bush) May 15 – July 1 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ – 2 3 – 4 oz Beans, snap(pole) May 15 – July 1 36 4 – 6 1½ – 2 2 – 3 oz Beans, dry shell May 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ 3 – 4 oz Beans, lima May 15 – June 10 18 – 24 4 – 6 1½ 3 – 4 oz Beets April 15 – July 1 12 – 18 2 – 4 ½ – 1 1 packet Broccoli March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 plants Brussels sprouts March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 plants Cabbage, early March 1 – 15 April 1 – May 1 24 – 30 18 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 plants Cabbage, late April 15 – May 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (seedbed) 1 packet or 9 plants Cabbage, Chinese July 1 24 – 30 18 ½ 1 packet Carrots April 15 – June 15 18 – 24 2 – 3 ¼ 1 packet Cauliflower March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 18 – 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 plants Celery Feb. 15 – March 1 May 15 18 – 24 8 1/8 (indoors) 1 packet or 24 plants Chard, Swiss May 1 18 – 24 6 – 8 1 1 packet Collards April 15 24 – 36 6 ¼ 1 packet Cucumbers May 1 – June 15 48 – 60 12 between single plants; 36 between hills of three 1 1 packet Eggplant March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 plants Endive April 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Garlic Oct. 1 – Nov. 1 18 – 24 4 – 6 3 – 4 1 lb of cloves Horseradish April 15 – May 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 6 (roots) 18 roots Kale April 15 – July 15 18 – 24 12 – 18 ½ 1 packet Kohlrabi April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 18 – 24 6 ½ 1 packet Lettuce, leaf April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Lettuce, head March 1 – 15 April 15 – May 1 18 – 24 12 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 18 plants Muskmelon May 15 – June 1 60 – 72 18 1 1 packet Okra March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 12 – 15 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion seeds April 15 12 – 24 2 ½ 1 packet Onion, transplants Feb. 1 – 15 April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion, sets April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 1 – 2 ½ lb Parsley April 15 – May 1 12 – 24 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Parsnips May 1 – 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Peas April 10 – May 15 18 – 24 2 1½ 1 packet Pepper March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 18 – 24 ½ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 plants Potatoes, Irish April 15 – June 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 4 (each piece) 3 lb seed potatoes Potatoes, sweet April 15 (roots) June 1 36 – 48 18 – 24 9 – 12 plants Pumpkin May 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single plants; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 – 2 1 packet Radish April 10 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 6 – 12 1 – 2 ½ 1 packet Rhubarb April 15 – May 1 36 – 48 36 – 48 5 or 6 plants Rutabaga May 15 – June 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Spinach April 15 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Squash, summer May 10 – June 1 24 – 36 24 – 36 1 1 packet Squash, winter May 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single plants; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 1 packet Sweet corn May 10 – July 1 30 12 1 – 2 1 packet Tomato April 1 – 15 May 15 – June 1 24 – 36 36 – 48 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 6 – 8 plants Turnip April 15 or Aug. 1 15 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Watermelon May 15 – June 1 60 – 72 24 – 36 between single plants; 60 – 72 between hills of three ½ 1 packet

Chaise Lounge Covers

Chaise Lounge Covers

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